A variety of polymeric composites have been developed to meet a variety of customer
requirements for rotors, since no single material will perform satisfactorily in all
situations. This brief summary of each polymer's particular features and potential
drawbacks is provided to allow the user to make a more informed valve selection.
Consult our technical specialists for any additional questions. VICI polymer
composites are proprietary formulations: only the generic compound class can be
The specifications in the following discussions are for two position valves.
Multiposition selectors generally have lower pressure and temperature limits due
to the more complex seal design. Actual specifications for each valve series are
shown on the appropriate pages throughout the valve sections of the website. If a
valve is to be used at a pressure higher than the given standard, please contact
the factory for ordering information.
Select a material below to view a desciption:
|A polyaryletherketone/PTFE composite, the E material receives wide
GC use in what had previously been a problematic gap between the
optimum temperature ranges of P and T, and in HPLC applications
where the temperature requirement is higher than what can be
handled by the H material and where a lower pressure limit can be
tolerated. (Standard specs are 400 psi at 225°C, but higher
pressure ratings are possible at reduced temperatures.) However,
this polymer cannot be used in prolonged contact with high
concentrations of sulfuric and nitric acids, DMSO, THF, or liquid
|A proprietary reinforced TFE composite, Valcon E2 works well at lower
pressures and is suitable for temperatures up to 75°C. This
material is resistant to most chemicals but should not be used in
prolonged contact with high concentrations of sulfuric and nitric
acids, DMSO, or liquid methylene chloride.
|An engineered polyaryletherketone, this high-strength composite resists all common
HPLC solvents and dilute acids and bases. However, concentrated or prolonged use
of halogenated solvents may cause the polymer to swell. Avoid concentrated sulfuric
or nitric acids (over 10%).
| This composite, a carbon fiber reinforced, PTFE lubricated inert
engineering polymer, has long been the standard for typical HPLC
applications in which pressures are around 5000 psi and
temperatures are not more than 75°C. It is not unusual for
these valves to be ordered for use at 7000 psi, and less
frequently for use at 10,000 psi. However, at that point the
lifetime may be shortened by as much as 50%.
Valcon H is the rotor material used in the W and UW series,
where no rotor material letter is added (as: C10W or AC6UW).
|This material, basically a hydrocarbon in structure, is the most
impermeable to light gases of all the rotor materials currently
available, with wide acceptance in low-temperature (50°C
maximum) trace gas applications. Avoid use with aromatic
|This composite, the majority of which is PTFE and carbon, was the
standard choice for most GC applications before the development
of Valcon E. (Standard specs are 400 psi at 175°C.) Routinely
used at 1000 psi, 75°C, it can also be used at temperatures
approaching 200°C with decreased sealing tension; however, at
that point Valcon E is probably a better choice from a lifetime
standpoint. Valcon E can replace P in most applications.
|While rarely used today, Valcon R (a PTFE composite) still finds use
in low temperature/pressure situations which require its nearly
universal chemical inertness. Of the chemicals encountered in
commercial practice, only molten sodium and fluorine at elevated
temperatures and pressures produce any detrimental effects. Its
most severe limitation is that it cannot go over 75°C, even
at only 400 psi.
|This polyimide/PTFE/carbon composite has been used successfully for
many years and still cannot be surpassed when applications demand
operating temperatures in the 250°C 350°C range.
(Standard specs for most series are 300 psi at 330°C.)
However, at temperatures below 150°C there is a tendency
for the seal material to stick to the valve body, making the valve
difficult to turn and causing the rotor to crack in extreme cases.
Literature provided at the time of purchase contains instructions
for reconditioning the material if this condition should arise. The
T material is susceptible to attack from steam, ammonia, hydrazines
(anhydrous liquids or vapor), primary and secondary amines, and
solutions having a pH of 10 or more. Chemical reagents which act
as powerful oxidizing agents (nitric acid, nitrogen tetroxide, etc.)
must also be avoided. Valcon T can be used in "hot" GPC/SEC
applications with O-dichlorobenzene as a solvent.
|This is the series designation for a valve with a virgin PTFE seal.
Its mechanical characteristics are poor compared to the other
choices, but occasionally its use is dictated by the presence of
oxidizing agents too strong even for the R material.
|This designation indicates a proprietary polyimide blend with
chemical properties similar to Valcon T, but with higher